Toyota Highlander manuals

Toyota Highlander Service Manual: Overhaul

1. DRAIN ENGINE OIL

2. REMOVE SPARK PLUG

3. REMOVE VENTILATION VALVE SUB-ASSY

4. REMOVE OIL FILLER CAP SUB-ASSY

5. REMOVE OIL FILLER CAP GASKET

6. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD COVER SUB-ASSY

REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD COVER SUB-ASSY


(a) Remove the 2 engine wire harness clamps.

(b) Remove the 3 nuts and disconnect the engine wire harness.

(c) Remove the 9 bolts and cylinder head cover.

7. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD COVER GASKET

8. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD COVER SUB-ASSY LH

REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD COVER SUB-ASSY LH


(a) Using an E6 torx) socket wrench, remove the 2 bolts and disconnect the engine wire harness protector.

(b) Remove the 9 bolts and cylinder head cover.

9. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD COVER GASKET NO.2

10. REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING OIL CONTROL VALVE ASSY

11. REMOVE VVT SENSOR

(a) Remove the sensor.

(b) Remove the O-ring from the sensor.

12. REMOVE OIL LEVEL GAGE SUB-ASSY

13. REMOVE OIL LEVEL GAGE GUIDE

14. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT PULLEY

REMOVE CRANKSHAFT PULLEY


(a) Using SST, loosen the pulley bolt.

SST 09213-54015 (91651-60855), 09330-00021

REMOVE CRANKSHAFT PULLEY


(b) Using SST and the pulley bolt, remove the pulley.

SST 09950- 50013 (09951- 05010, 09952- 05010, 09953-05020, 09954-05031)

NOTICE: Before using SST, apply lubricating oil to the threads and tip of the center bolt 150.

15. REMOVE TIMING BELT NO.1 COVER

16. REMOVE TIMING BELT NO.2 COVER

REMOVE TIMING BELT NO.2 COVER


(a) Disconnect the engine wire protector clamps from the timing belt No. 3 cover.

(b) Remove the 5 bolts and timing belt cover.

17. REMOVE ENGINE MOUNTING BRACKET RH

18. REMOVE TIMING BELT GUIDE NO.2

19. REMOVE TIMING BELT

REMOVE TIMING BELT


(a) Set the No. 1 cylinder to TDC/compression.

  1.  Temporarily install the crankshaft pulley bolt and washer to the crankshaft.
  2.  Turn the crankshaft clockwise, and align the timing mark of the crankshaft timing pulley with the oil pump body.

REMOVE TIMING BELT


  1. Check that timing marks of the camshaft timing pulleys and No. 3 timing belt cover are aligned.

If not, turn the crankshaft 1 revolution (360 ).

  1.  Remove the crankshaft pulley bolt.

(b) If planning to reuse the timing belt, check that there are 4 installation marks on the timing belt, as shown in the illustration.

REMOVE TIMING BELT


  1.  If the installation marks have disappeared, put new installation marks on the timing belt before removing.

(c) Set the No. 1 cylinder to approximately 60 BTDC/ compression.

REMOVE TIMING BELT


  1.  Turn the crankshaft counterclockwise by approximately 60 .

NOTICE: With the timing belt removed: The crankshaft pulley must be at the correct angle to avoid damage in later steps. If the crankshaft pulley is at the wrong angle and the camshaft timing pulley and the camshaft are removed, the piston head and valve head may come in contact and damaged.

(d) Remove the timing belt tensioner.

NOTICE: Do not reinstall the tensioner with its plunger extended.

REMOVE TIMING BELT


(e) Remove the timing belt in this order.

REMOVE TIMING BELT


20. REMOVE TIMING BELT IDLER SUB-ASSY NO.1

(a) Using a socket hexagon wrench 10, remove the pivot bolt, timing belt idler No. 1 and plate washer.

21. REMOVE TIMING BELT IDLER SUB-ASSY NO.2

22. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT POSITION SENSOR

23. REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING PULLEY

REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING PULLEY


(a) Using SST, remove the bolt and RH timing pulley.

SST 09960- 10010 (09962- 01000, 09963- 01000), 09249-63010

REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING PULLEY


(b) Using SST, remove the bolt and LH timing pulley.

SST 09960-10010 (09962-01000, 09963-01000)

HINT: Arrange the camshaft timing pulleys (RH and LH sides) so that they can be returned to the original locations when reassembling.

24. REMOVE TIMING BELT NO.3 COVER

REMOVE TIMING BELT NO.3 COVER


(a) Disconnect the 3 engine wire harness clamps from the timing belt No. 3 cover.

(b) Remove the 6 bolts and the timing belt cover.

25. REMOVE TIMING BELT IDLER BRACKET

26. REMOVE CRANKSHAFT TIMING PULLEY

REMOVE CRANKSHAFT TIMING PULLEY


(a) Remove the bolt and the timing belt plate.

(b) Install the pulley bolt to the crankshaft.

(c) Using SST, remove the crankshaft timing pulley.

SST 09950- 50013 (09951- 05010, 09952- 05010, 09953-05020, 09954-05011)

NOTICE:

27. REMOVE WATER PUMP ASSY

REMOVE WATER PUMP ASSY


(a) Remove the 3 bolts and 3 nuts, then remove the water pump and the gasket.

28. REMOVE CAMSHAFT

NOTICE: Since the thrust clearance of the camshaft is small, the camshaft must be kept level while it is being removed. If the camshaft is not kept level, damage to the cylinder head or to the camshaft may result. To avoid this, the following steps must be carried out.

REMOVE CAMSHAFT


(a) Align the camshaft drive and driven gear's timing marks (2 dot marks each) by turning the camshaft with a wrench.

REMOVE CAMSHAFT


(b) Secure the exhaust camshaft sub gear to the main gear with a service bolt.

Recommended service bolt:

REMOVE CAMSHAFT


Torque: 5.0 NVm (51 kgfVcm, 44 in.Vlbf)

HINT: When removing the camshaft, make certain that the torsional spring force of the sub gear has been eliminated by installation of the service bolt.

REMOVE CAMSHAFT


(c) Uniformly loosen and remove the 10 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration. Remove the 5 bearing caps and the camshaft.

NOTICE:

29. REMOVE NO.2 CAMSHAFT

REMOVE NO.2 CAMSHAFT


(a) Uniformly loosen and remove the 10 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration. Remove the 5 bearing caps and the No. 2 camshaft.

NOTICE:

(b) Remove the oil seal from the No. 2 camshaft.

30. REMOVE NO.3 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY

NOTICE: Since the thrust clearance of the camshaft is small, the camshaft must be kept level while it is being removed. If the camshaft is not kept level, damage to the cylinder head or to the camshaft may result. To avoid this, the following steps should be carried out.

REMOVE NO.3 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(a) Align the camshaft drive and driven gear's timing marks (1 dot mark each) by turning the camshaft with a wrench.

REMOVE NO.3 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(b) Secure the exhaust camshaft sub gear to the main gear with a service bolt.

Recommended service bolt:

REMOVE NO.3 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


Torque: 5.0 NVm (51 kgfVcm, 44 in.Vlbf)

HINT: When removing the camshaft, make certain that the torsional spring force of the sub gear has been eliminated by installation of the service bolt.

REMOVE NO.3 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(c) Uniformly loosen and remove the 10 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration. Remove the 5 bearing caps and the No. 3 camshaft.

NOTICE:

31. REMOVE NO.4 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY

REMOVE NO.4 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(a) Uniformly loosen and remove the 10 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration. Remove the 5 bearing caps and the No. 4 camshaft.

NOTICE:

(b) Remove the oil seal from the No. 4 camshaft.

32. INSPECT CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSY

INSPECT CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSY


(a) Clamp the camshaft in a vise on the hexagonal lobe.

(b) Check that the VVT-i does not turn.

INSPECT CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSY


(c) Cover all the oil ports with vinyl tape except the port on the advanced angle side (nearest to the convex portion) shown in the illustration.

(d) Using an air gun, apply about 100 kPa (1 kgf/cm2, 14 psi) of air pressure to the port on the advanced angle side.

NOTICE: Some oil will spill out. Contain the oil with a shop rag.

HINT: This operation releases the lock pin for the extreme retarded angle lock.

(e) Under the condition above, check that the VVT-i can be turned by hand to the advanced angle side, the direction of the white arrow in the illustration.

Standard: Must turn

HINT: The VVT-i will turn to the advanced angle side without applying force by hand depending on the force of the air pressure applied.

Also, if applying pressure to the oil path is difficult as a result of air leakage from the port, the lock-pin may be difficult to release.

(f) Check that the VVT-i moves freely within a 30 range.

Avoid moving the VVT-i unit to the extreme retarded angle position as the lock-pin will re-engage.

Standard: Smooth movable range is about 30 (g) Turn the VVT-i by hand and lock it at the extreme retarded angle position.

33. REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSY

REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSY


NOTICE: Do not remove or install the timing gear (VVT-i) unless you are replacing the VVT-i or the camshaft.

(a) Clamp the camshaft in a vise on the hexagonal lobe.

NOTICE: Do not damage the camshaft.

REMOVE CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSY


(b) Using a 46 mm socket wrench, remove the lock nut by turning it clockwise.

NOTICE:

(c) Remove the timing gear (VVT-i).

NOTICE:

Never remove the 3 bolts on the gear.

If it is difficult to remove the VVT-i, tap it lightly using a plasticfaced hammer and then remove it.

34. REMOVE CAMSHAFT SUB GEAR

REMOVE CAMSHAFT SUB GEAR


(a) Clamp the camshaft in a vise on the hexagonal lobe.

NOTICE: Be careful not to damage the camshaft.

REMOVE CAMSHAFT SUB GEAR


(b) Using SST, turn the sub gear counterclockwise and remove the service bolt.

SST 09960-10010 (09962-01000, 09963-00500)

REMOVE CAMSHAFT SUB GEAR


(c) Using snap ring pliers, remove the snap ring.

(d) Remove the wave washer, camshaft sub gear and camshaft gear bolt washer.

HINT: Arrange the camshaft sub gears and gear bolt washers (RH and LH sides) so that they can be returned to their original location when reassembled.

35. REMOVE ENGINE HANGER NO.2

36. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD COVER REAR

37. REMOVE OIL CONTROL VALVE FILTER

REMOVE OIL CONTROL VALVE FILTER


(a) Remove the plug, gasket and valve filter.

38. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD SUB-ASSY

REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD SUB-ASSY


(a) Using a socket hexagon wrench 8, remove the hexagon bolt.

REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD SUB-ASSY


(b) Uniformly loosen the 8 cylinder head bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration. Remove the 8 cylinder head bolts and plate washers.

NOTICE:

39. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD GASKET

40. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD LH

REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD LH


(a) Using a socket hexagon wrench 8, remove the hexagon bolt.

REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD LH


(b) Uniformly loosen the 8 cylinder head bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration. Remove the 8 cylinder head bolts and plate washers.

NOTICE:

41. REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD GASKET NO.2

42. REMOVE WATER INLET HOUSING

REMOVE WATER INLET HOUSING


(a) Uniformly loosen and remove the 8 bolts and 2 nuts in the sequence shown in the illustration. Remove the water inlet housing.

43. REMOVE OIL FILTER SUB-ASSY

REMOVE OIL FILTER SUB-ASSY


(a) Using SST, remove the oil filter.

SST 09228-07501
(b) Using a socket hexagon wrench 12, remove the oil filter union.

44. REMOVE OIL PAN DRAIN PLUG

45. REMOVE OIL PAN SUB-ASSY NO.2

REMOVE OIL PAN SUB-ASSY NO.2


(a) Remove the 10 bolts and 2 nuts.

REMOVE OIL PAN SUB-ASSY NO.2


(b) Insert the blade of SST between the oil pan No. 1 and oil pan No. 2. Cut through the sealer and remove the oil pan No. 2.

SST 09032-00100

NOTICE:

46. REMOVE OIL STRAINER SUB-ASSY

(a) Remove the bolt and 2 nuts. Then remove the oil strainer and the gasket.

47. REMOVE OIL PAN SUB-ASSY

REMOVE OIL PAN SUB-ASSY


(a) Uniformly loosen and remove the 15 bolts and 2 nuts, as shown in the illustration.

REMOVE OIL PAN SUB-ASSY


(b) Using a screwdriver, remove the oil pan by prying between the cylinder block and the oil pan.

NOTICE: Be careful not to damage the contact surfaces of the oil pan and cylinder block.

48. REMOVE OIL PAN BAFFLE PLATE

49. REMOVE ENGINE REAR OIL SEAL RETAINER

REMOVE ENGINE REAR OIL SEAL RETAINER


(a) Uniformly loosen and remove the 6 bolts.

(b) Using a screwdriver, remove the oil seal retainer by prying between the oil seal retainer and the main bearing cap.

50. REMOVE ENGINE REAR OIL SEAL

REMOVE ENGINE REAR OIL SEAL


(a) Using a screwdriver and a hammer, tap out the oil seal.

51. REMOVE OIL PUMP ASSY

REMOVE OIL PUMP ASSY


(a) Remove the 9 bolts.

(b) Using a screwdriver, remove the oil pump by prying between the oil pump and the main bearing cap.

(c) Remove the O-ring.

52. REMOVE OIL PUMP SEAL

 REMOVE OIL PUMP SEAL


(a) Using a screwdriver, pry out the oil seal.

53. REMOVE SPARK PLUG TUBE GASKET

REMOVE SPARK PLUG TUBE GASKET


(a) Bend up the tab on the ventilation baffle plate which prevents the gasket from slipping out.

NOTICE: Be careful not to damage the baffle plate of the cylinder head cover. (b) Using a screwdriver and a hammer, tap out the gasket.

REMOVE SPARK PLUG TUBE GASKET


(c) Using needle-nose pliers, pry out the gasket.

NOTICE: Be careful not to damage the cylinder head cover.

54. INSPECT TIMING BELT

 INSPECT TIMING BELT


NOTICE:

Check the belt for any defects, as shown in the illustrations.

Also, check these points below.

(a) If there is premature parting:

(b) If the belt teeth are cracked or damaged, check to see if either camshaft is locked.

(c) If there is noticeable wear or cracks on the belt, check to see if there are nicks on the side of the idler pulley lock and water pump.

(d) If there is wear or damage on only one side of the belt, check the belt guide and the alignment of each pulley.

(e) If there is noticeable wear on the belt teeth:

If there is any doubt about the belt condition, replace the timing belt.

55. INSPECT CAMSHAFT

 INSPECT CAMSHAFT


(a) Inspect the camshaft for runout.

  1.  Place the camshaft on V-blocks.
  2.  Using a dial indicator, measure the runout at the center journal.

Maximum circle runout: 0.06 mm (0.0024 in.)

If the runout is greater than the maximum, replace the camshaft.

 INSPECT CAMSHAFT


(b) Inspect the cam lobes.

  1.  Using a micrometer, measure the cam lobe height.

Standard cam lobe height:

 INSPECT CAMSHAFT


Minimum cam lobe height:

 INSPECT CAMSHAFT


If the cam lobe height is less than the minimum, replace the camshaft.

 INSPECT CAMSHAFT


(c) Inspect the camshaft journals.

  1.  Using a micrometer, measure the journal diameter.

Journal diameter: 26.959 to 26.975 mm (1.0614 to 1.0620 in.)

If the journal diameter is not as specified, check the oil clearance.

56. INSPECT CYLINDER HEAD SET BOLT

INSPECT CYLINDER HEAD SET BOLT


(a) Using a vernier caliper, measure the tension portion diameter of the bolt.

Standard outside diameter: 8.95 to 9.05 mm (0.3524 to 0.3563 in.) Minimum outside diameter: 8.75 mm (0.3445 in.)

If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the bolt.

57. INSTALL SPARK PLUG TUBE GASKET

 INSTALL SPARK PLUG TUBE GASKET


(a) Using SST and a hammer, tap in a new gasket until its surface is flush with the upper edge of the cylinder head cover.

SST 09950- 60010 (09951- 00430), 09950- 70010 (09951-07100)
(b) Return the ventilation plate tab to its original position.

(c) Apply a light coat of MP grease to the gasket lip.

58. INSTALL ENGINE REAR OIL SEAL

INSTALL ENGINE REAR OIL SEAL


(a) Using SST and a hammer, tap in a new oil seal until its surface is flush with the rear oil seal retainer edge.

SST 09223-15030, 09950-70010 (09951-07100)

NOTICE:

(b) Apply MP grease to the oil seal lip.

59. INSTALL ENGINE REAR OIL SEAL RETAINER

(a) Remove any old packing material from the contact surface.

INSTALL ENGINE REAR OIL SEAL RETAINER


(b) Apply a continuous bead of seal packing (seal width: 2 to 3 mm (0.08 to 0.12 in.)), as shown in the illustration.

Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00080 or equivalent NOTICE:

(c) Install the oil seal retainer. Tighten the 6 bolts uniformly.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

60. INSTALL OIL PUMP SEAL

INSTALL OIL PUMP SEAL


(a) Using SST and a hammer, tap in a new oil seal until its surface is flush with the oil pump body edge.

SST 09223-00010

NOTICE:

(b) Apply MP grease to the oil seal lip.

61. INSTALL OIL PUMP ASSY

 INSTALL OIL PUMP ASSY


(a) Remove any old packing material from the contact surface.

(b) Apply a light coat of engine oil to a new O-ring and place it on the cylinder block.

INSTALL OIL PUMP ASSY


(c) Apply a continuous bead of seal packing (seal width: 2 to 3 mm (0.08 to 0.12 in.)), as shown in the illustration.

Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00080 or equivalent

NOTICE:

INSTALL OIL PUMP ASSY


(d) Align the key of the oil pump drive gear with the keyway located on the crankshaft, and slide the oil pump into place.

INSTALL OIL PUMP ASSY


(e) Install the oil pump with the 9 bolts. Tighten the bolts uniformly in several steps.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf) for bolt A 20 NVm (204 kgfVcm, 15 ftVlbf) for bolt B 43 NVm (438 kgfVcm, 32 ftVlbf) for bolt C

62. INSTALL OIL PAN BAFFLE PLATE Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

63. INSTALL OIL PAN SUB-ASSY

INSTALL OIL PAN SUB-ASSY


(a) Remove any old seal packing from the contact surface.

(b) Apply a continuous bead of seal packing (seal width: 3 to 4 mm (0.12 to 0.16 in.)), as shown in the illustration.

Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00080 or equivalent

NOTICE:

(c) Install the oil pan No. 1 with the 15 bolts and 2 nuts. Tighten the bolts uniformly in several steps.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf) for 10 mm head 20 NVm (204 kgfVcm, 15 ftVlbf) for 12 mm head

64. INSTALL OIL STRAINER SUB-ASSY

(a) Install a new gasket and the oil strainer with the bolt and 2 nuts.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

65. INSTALL OIL PAN SUB-ASSY NO.2

INSTALL OIL PAN SUB-ASSY NO.2


(a) Remove any old seal packing from the contact surface.

(b) Apply a continuous bead of seal packing (seal width: 4 to 5 mm (0.16 to 0.20 in.)), as shown in the illustration.

Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00080 or equivalent

NOTICE:

(c) Install the oil pan No. 2 with the 10 bolts and 2 nuts.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

66. INSTALL OIL PAN DRAIN PLUG

(a) Install the drain plug with a new gasket.

Torque: 45 NVm (459 kgfVcm, 33 ftVlbf)

67. INSTALL OIL FILTER SUB-ASSY

 INSTALL OIL FILTER SUB-ASSY


(a) Using a socket hexagon wrench 12, install the oil filter union.

Torque: 30 NVm (306 kgfVcm, 22 ftVlbf) (b) Check and clean the oil filter installation surface.

(c) Apply clean engine oil to the gasket of a new oil filter.

(d) Lightly screw the oil filter into place, and tighten it until the gasket contacts the seat.

(e) Using SST, tighten it an additional 3/4 turn.

SST 09228-07501

68. INSTALL WATER INLET HOUSING

INSTALL WATER INLET HOUSING


(a) Remove any old packing material from the contact surface.

(b) Apply a continuous bead of seal packing (seal width: 3 to 5 mm (0.12 to 0.20 in.)) as shown in the illustration.

Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00100 or equivalent

NOTICE:

INSTALL WATER INLET HOUSING


(c) Install the water inlet housing with the 8 bolts and 2 nuts.

Uniformly tighten the bolts and nuts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

69. INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD GASKET

INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD GASKET


(a) Place a new cylinder head gasket on the cylinder block with the R mark upside down, as shown in the illustration.

NOTICE:

70. INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD SUB-ASSY

INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD SUB-ASSY


NOTICE: The cylinder head bolts are tightened in 2 successive steps.

(a) Apply a light coat of engine oil on the threads of the cylinder head bolts.

(b) Install the plate washers to the cylinder head bolts.

(c) Uniformly install and tighten the 8 cylinder head bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

Torque: 54 NVm (550 kgfVcm, 40 ftVlbf)

INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD SUB-ASSY


(d) Mark the front side of each cylinder head bolt head with paint, as shown in the illustration.

(e) Retighten the cylinder head bolts by 90 in the same sequence as step (c).

(f) Check that each painted mark is now at a 90 angle to the front.

INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD SUB-ASSY


(g) Using a socket hexagon wrench 8, install the hexagon bolt.

Torque: 19 NVm (194 kgfVcm, 14 ftVlbf)

71. INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD GASKET NO.2

 INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD GASKET NO.2


(a) Place a new cylinder head gasket on the cylinder block with the L mark, as shown in the illustration.

NOTICE:

72. INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD LH

INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD LH


NOTICE: The cylinder head bolts are tightened in 2 successive steps.

(a) Apply a light coat of engine oil to the threads of the cylinder head bolts.

(b) Install the plate washers to the cylinder head bolts.

(c) Uniformly install and tighten the 8 cylinder head bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

Torque: 54 NVm (550 kgfVcm, 40 ftVlbf)

INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD LH


(d) Mark the front side of each cylinder head bolt head with paint, as shown in the illustration.

(e) Retighten the cylinder head bolts by 90 in the same sequence as step (c).

(f) Check that each painted mark is now at a 90 angle to the front.

INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD LH


(g) Using a socket hexagon wrench 8, install the hexagon bolt.

Torque: 19 NVm (194 kgfVcm, 14 ftVlbf)

73. INSTALL OIL CONTROL VALVE FILTER

INSTALL OIL CONTROL VALVE FILTER


(a) Check that no foreign matter is on the mesh part of the filter.

(b) Assemble the valve filter and the plug.

(c) Install a new gasket and the plug.

Torque: 45 NVm (459 kgfVcm, 33 ftVlbf)

74. INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD COVER REAR

(a) Install a new gasket and the rear cover with the 4 bolts.

Torque: 10 NVm (102 kgfVcm, 7 ftVlbf)

75. INSTALL ENGINE HANGER NO.2 Torque: 20 NVm (204 kgfVcm, 15 ftVlbf)

76. INSTALL CAMSHAFT SUB GEAR

INSTALL CAMSHAFT SUB GEAR


(a) Clamp the camshaft in a vise on the hexagonal lobe.

NOTICE: Be careful not to damage the camshaft.

INSTALL CAMSHAFT SUB GEAR


(b) Install the camshaft gear bolt washer and the camshaft sub gear.

HINT: Attach the pins on the gears to the gear bolt washer ends.

(c) Install the wave washer.

INSTALL CAMSHAFT SUB GEAR


(d) Using snap ring pliers, install the snap ring.

INSTALL CAMSHAFT SUB GEAR


(e) Using SST, align the holes of the camshaft main gear and sub gear by turning the camshaft sub gear counterclockwise, and temporarily install a service bolt.

SST 09960-10010 (09962-01000, 09963-00500) (f) Align the gear teeth of the main gear and sub gear, and tighten the service bolt.

Torque: 5.0 NVm (51 kgfVcm, 44 in.Vlbf)

NOTICE: Be careful not to damage the camshaft journals.

HINT: When installing the camshaft, make certain that the torsional spring force of the sub gear has been eliminated by installation of the service bolt.

77. INSTALL CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSY

INSTALL CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSY


(a) Align the alignment pin with the alignment pin groove and install the VVT-i on the camshaft.

NOTICE: Install the VVT-i with the lock-pin engaged and locked at the extreme retarded angle position.

(b) Apply engine oil to the nut, the mounting surface of the VVT-i and the screw threads.

NOTICE:

INSTALL CAMSHAFT TIMING GEAR ASSY


(c) Using a 46 mm socket wrench, install and tighten a lock nut by turning it counterclockwise.

Torque: 150 NVm (1,530 kgfVcm, 111 ftVlbf)

NOTICE:

78. INSTALL NO.2 CAMSHAFT

NOTICE: Since the thrust clearance of the camshaft is small, the camshaft must be kept level while it is being installed. If the camshaft is not kept level, damage to the cylinder head or to the camshaft may result. To avoid this, the following steps must be carried out.

INSTALL NO.2 CAMSHAFT


(a) Apply new engine oil to the thrust portion and journal of the camshaft.

(b) Place the No. 2 camshaft at a 90 angle of the timing mark (2 dot marks) on the cylinder head.

INSTALL NO.2 CAMSHAFT


(c) Install the oil seal to the camshaft.

NOTICE:

(d) Apply MP grease to a new oil seal lip.

(e) Remove any old packing material from the contact surface.

INSTALL NO.2 CAMSHAFT


(f) Apply seal packing to the No. 1 bearing cap, as shown in the illustration.

Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00080 or equivalent

NOTICE:

INSTALL NO.2 CAMSHAFT


(g) Install the 5 bearing caps in their proper locations.

(h) Apply a light coat of engine oil on the threads of the bearing cap bolts.

INSTALL NO.2 CAMSHAFT


(i) Uniformly tighten the 10 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

Torque: 16 NVm (163 kgfVcm, 12 ftVlbf)

79. INSTALL CAMSHAFT

NOTICE: Since the thrust clearance of the camshaft is small, the camshaft must be kept level while it is being installed. If the camshaft is not kept level, damage to the cylinder head or to the camshaft may result. To avoid this, the following steps must be carried out.

INSTALL CAMSHAFT


(a) Apply new engine oil to the thrust portion and journal of the camshaft.

(b) Align the camshaft drive and driven gear's timing marks (2 dot mark each).

(c) Place the camshaft on the cylinder head.

INSTALL CAMSHAFT


(d) Install the 5 bearing caps in their proper locations.

(e) Apply a light coat of engine oil on the threads of the bearing cap bolts.

INSTALL CAMSHAFT


(f) Uniformly tighten the 10 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

Torque: 16 NVm (163 kgfVcm, 12 ftVlbf) (g) Remove the service bolt.

80. INSTALL NO.4 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY

NOTICE: Since the thrust clearance of the camshaft is small, the camshaft must be kept level while it is being installed. If the camshaft is not kept level, damage to the cylinder head or to the camshaft may result. To avoid this, the following steps must be carried out.

 INSTALL NO.4 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(a) Apply new engine oil to the thrust portion and journal of the camshaft.

(b) Place the No. 4 camshaft at a 90 angle of the timing mark (1 dot mark) on the cylinder head.

(c) Apply MP grease to a new oil seal lip.

 INSTALL NO.4 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(d) Install the oil seal to the camshaft.

NOTICE:

(e) Remove any old packing material from the contact surface.

 INSTALL NO.4 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(f) Apply seal packing to the No. 1 bearing cap, as shown in the illustration.

Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00080 or equivalent

NOTICE:

 INSTALL NO.4 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(g) Install the 5 bearing caps in their proper locations.

(h) Apply a light coat of engine oil on the threads of the bearing cap bolts.

 INSTALL NO.4 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(i) Uniformly tighten the 10 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

Torque: 16 NVm (163 kgfVcm, 12 ftVlbf)

81. INSTALL NO.3 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY

NOTICE: Since the thrust clearance of the camshaft is small, the camshaft must be kept level while it is being installed. If the camshaft is not kept level, damage to the cylinder head or to the camshaft may result. To avoid this, the following steps must be carried out.

INSTALL NO.3 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(a) Apply new engine oil to the thrust portion and journal of the camshaft.

(b) Align the camshaft drive and driven gear's timing marks (1 dot mark each).

(c) Place the camshaft on the cylinder head.

INSTALL NO.3 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(d) Install the 5 bearing caps in their proper locations.

(e) Apply a light coat of engine oil on the threads of the bearing cap bolts.

INSTALL NO.3 CAMSHAFT SUB-ASSY


(f) Uniformly tighten the 10 bearing cap bolts in the sequence shown in the illustration.

Torque: 16 NVm (163 kgfVcm, 12 ftVlbf) (g) Remove the service bolt.

82. INSTALL WATER PUMP ASSY

INSTALL WATER PUMP ASSY


(a) Install a new gasket and the water pump with the 3 bolts and 3 nuts.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

83. INSTALL CRANKSHAFT TIMING PULLEY

INSTALL CRANKSHAFT TIMING PULLEY


(a) Align the keyway of the timing pulley with the key located on the crankshaft and slide the timing pulley into place.

NOTICE: Do not scratch the sensor area of the crankshaft timing pulley.

(b) Install the timing belt plate with the bolt.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

84. INSTALL TIMING BELT IDLER BRACKET Torque: 28 NVm (286 kgfVcm, 21 ftVlbf)

85. INSTALL TIMING BELT NO.3 COVER

(a) Visually check for cracks and breaks on the gasket of the timing belt cover.

HINT: If water is entering through cracks or breaks in the gasket, repair according to these guidelines: 1) if the crack length is within 2 to 3 cm (0.79 to 1.18 in.), repair with seal packing; or 2) if the crack length is over 3 cm (1.18 in.), replace the gasket.

 INSTALL TIMING BELT NO.3 COVER


(b) If the timing belt cover gasket needs to be repaired, follow the procedure below.

  1.  Repair the cracks and breaks by applying the seal packing to the damaged area.

    Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00080 or equivalent

NOTICE: When applying the seal packing, apply it as wide and high as the gasket.

(c) If the timing belt cover gasket needs to be replaced, follow the procedure below.

  1.  Using a screwdriver and gasket scraper, remove the remaining gasket.

NOTICE: Be careful not to damage the timing belt cover.

 INSTALL TIMING BELT NO.3 COVER


  1. Remove the backing paper from a new gasket, and affix the gasket along the groove of the timing belt cover, as shown in the illustration.

NOTICE:

Length:

 INSTALL TIMING BELT NO.3 COVER


  1. If there is a gap on the joint of the gasket, apply seal packing to close the gap.

    Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00080 or equivalent

NOTICE: When applying the seal packing, apply it as wide and high as the gasket.

(d) Install the timing belt cover with the 6 bolts.

Torque: 9.0 NVm (92 kgfVcm, 80 in.Vlbf)

86. INSTALL CAMSHAFT TIMING PULLEY

 INSTALL CAMSHAFT TIMING PULLEY


(a) Install the camshaft timing pulley with the belt guide properly oriented and tighten the bolt temporarily.

HINT:

 INSTALL CAMSHAFT TIMING PULLEY


(b) Using SST, tighten the RH pulley bolt.

Torque: 125 NVm (1,275 kgfVcm, 92 ftVlbf) SST 09960- 10010 (09962- 01000, 09963- 01000), 09249-63010

NOTICE: The torque specification above is the SST without extension tool specification. Use the special formula to calculate the SST with extension tool torque specification (see page 01-5 ).

Extended length of SST (09249-63010): 150 mm (5.91 in.)

 INSTALL CAMSHAFT TIMING PULLEY


(c) Using SST, tighten the LH pulley bolt.

Torque: 125 NVm (1,275 kgfVcm, 92 ftVlbf) SST 09960-10010 (09962-01000, 09963-01000)

87. INSTALL CRANKSHAFT POSITION SENSOR

88. INSTALL TIMING BELT IDLER SUB-ASSY NO.2 Torque: 43 NVm (438 kgfVcm, 32 ftVlbf)

89. INSTALL TIMING BELT IDLER SUB-ASSY NO.1

(a) Using a socket hexagon wrench 10, install the plate washer and timing belt idler No. 1 with the pivot bolt.

Torque: 34 NVm (348 kgfVcm, 25 ftVlbf)

90. INSTALL TIMING BELT

(a) Remove any oil or water on the pulleys, and keep them clean.

NOTICE:

(b) Inspect the idler pulleys.

  1.  Check that the idler pulley turns smoothly.
  2.  Visually check the sealed portion of the idler pulley for oil leakage.

If there is any doubt about the idller pulleys condition, replace the idller pulleys.

(c) Inspect the water pump.

  1.  Turn the pulley, and check that the water pump bearing moves smoothly without any noise.
  2.  Visually check the drain hole for coolant leakage.

If there is any doubt about the water pump condition, replace the water pump.

(d) Temporarily install the crankshaft pulley bolt and washer to the crankshaft.

 INSTALL TIMING BELT


(e) Turn the crankshaft counterclockwise by approximately 60 .

NOTICE: To prevent contacting the piston head and the valve head from colliding, set the crankshaft pulley at approximately 60 BTDC/compression position.

 INSTALL TIMING BELT


(f) Using SST, turn the crankshaft pulley, and align the timing marks of the timing pulley with the No. 3 timing belt cover.

SST 09960-10010 (09962-01000, 09963-01000)

 INSTALL TIMING BELT


(g) Turn the crankshaft, and align the timing mark of the crankshaft timing pulley with the oil pump body.

 INSTALL TIMING BELT


(h) Face the front mark on the timing belt forward.

(i) Align the installation mark on the timing belt with the timing mark of the crankshaft timing pulley.

(j) Align the installation marks on the timing belt with the timing marks of the camshaft timing pulleys.

 INSTALL TIMING BELT


(k) Install the timing belt in this order.

 INSTALL TIMING BELT


91. INSTALL TIMING BELT TENSIONER

INSTALL TIMING BELT TENSIONER


(a) Set the timing belt tensioner uprightly on the press.

(b) Slowly press in the push rod.

NOTICE: Do not apply pressure of more than 9.8 kN (1,000 kgf, 2,205 lbf) to the rod.

(c) Align the holes of the push rod and housing, pass a 1.5 mm hexagon wrench through the holes to keep the setting position of the push rod.

(d) Release the press.

(e) Temporarily install the tensioner with the 2 bolts.

Torque: 27 NVm (280 kgfVcm, 20 ftVlbf)

NOTICE: Install the tensioner's bolts uniformly and evenly. Installing the tensioner at an angle may cause it to malfunction.

(f) Remove the 1.5 mm hexagon wrench from the tensioner.

INSTALL TIMING BELT TENSIONER


(g) Turn the crankshaft 2 revolutions slowly, and align the timing mark of the crankshaft timing pulley with the oil pump body.

NOTICE: Always turn the crankshaft clockwise.

INSTALL TIMING BELT TENSIONER


(h) Check that the timing marks of the RH and LH timing pulleys are aligned with the timing marks of the No. 3 timing belt cover, as shown in the illustration.

If the marks do not align, remove the timing belt and reinstall it.

(i) Remove the crankshaft pulley bolt.

92. INSTALL TIMING BELT GUIDE NO.2

INSTALL TIMING BELT GUIDE NO.2


(a) Install the timing belt guide, facing the cup side toward the engine front.

93. INSTALL ENGINE MOUNTING BRACKET RH Torque: 28 NVm (286 kgfVcm, 21 ftVlbf)

94. INSTALL TIMING BELT NO.2 COVER

(a) Visually check for cracks and breaks on the gasket of the timing belt cover.

If there is a trace that water is entering at the visual check, replace the timing belt cover.

(b) Install the timing belt cover.

Torque: 9.0 NVm (92 kgfVcm, 80 in.Vlbf)

95. INSTALL TIMING BELT NO.1 COVER

(a) Visually check for cracks and breaks on the gasket of the timing belt cover.

If there is a trace that water is entering at the visual check, replace the timing belt cover.

(b) Install the timing belt cover.

Torque: 9.0 NVm (92 kgfVcm, 80 in.Vlbf)

96. INSTALL CRANKSHAFT PULLEY

INSTALL CRANKSHAFT PULLEY


(a) Align the keyway of the pulley with the key located on the crankshaft and slide the pulley into place.

(b) Using SST, install the pulley bolt.

SST 09213-54015 (91651-60855), 09330-00021 Torque: 220 NVm (2,243 kgfVcm, 162 ftVlbf)

97. INSTALL OIL LEVEL GAGE GUIDE

(a) Apply a light coat of engine oil to a new O-ring and install it to the level gage guide.

(b) Install the level gage guide.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

98. INSTALL OIL LEVEL GAGE SUB-ASSY

99. INSTALL VVT SENSOR Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

100. INSTALL CAMSHAFT TIMING OIL CONTROL VALVE ASSY Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

101. INSPECT VALVE CLEARANCE (See page 14-127 )

102. ADJUST VALVE CLEARANCE (See page 14-127 )

103. INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD COVER SUB-ASSY

 INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD COVER SUB-ASSY


(a) Install the gasket to the cylinder head cover.

(b) Apply seal packing to the cylinder head, as shown in the illustration.

Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00080 or equivalent

NOTICE:

(c) Install the cylinder head cover with the 9 bolts. Tighten the bolts uniformly in several steps.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

104. INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD COVER SUB-ASSY LH

INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD COVER SUB-ASSY LH


(a) Install the gasket to the cylinder head cover.

(b) Apply seal packing to the cylinder head, as shown in the illustration.

Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00080 or equivalent

NOTICE:

(c) Install the cylinder head cover with the 9 bolts. Tighten the bolts uniformly in several steps.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

105. INSTALL OIL FILLER CAP SUB-ASSY

106. INSTALL VENTILATION VALVE SUB-ASSY

(a) Apply adhesive to 2 or 3 threads.

Adhesive: Part No. 08833-00070, THREE BOND 1324 or equivalent (b) Install the ventilation valve.

Torque: 19 NVm (193 kgfVcm, 14 ftVlbf)

107. INSTALL SPARK PLUG Torque: 25 NVm (255 kgfVcm, 18 ftVlbf)

108. ADD ENGINE OIL

Replacement
1. WORK FOR PREVENTING GASOLINE FROM SPILLING OUT (See page 11-35 ) 2. REMOVE FRONT WHEELS 3. REMOVE ENGINE UNDER COVER NO.1 4. REMOVE FRONT FENDER SPLASH SHIELD SUB-ASSY LH 5. REMOVE FRONT FENDER ...

Timing belt (3MZ-FE)
REPLACEMENT 1. REMOVE FRONT WHEEL RH 2. REMOVE FR WIPER ARM LH (See page 66-7 ) 3. REMOVE FR WIPER ARM RH (See page 66-7 ) 4. REMOVE COWL TOP VENTILATOR LOUVER SUB-ASSY (See page 66-7 ) 5. REMOVE ...

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