Toyota Highlander manuals

Toyota Highlander Service Manual: Inspection

1. INSPECT THERMOSTAT

INSPECT THERMOSTAT


HINT: The thermostat is numbered with the valve opening temperature is stamped on the thermostat.

INSPECT THERMOSTAT


(a) Immerse the thermostat in water and gradually heat the water.

(b) Check the valve opening temperature.

Valve opening temperature: 80 to 84 C (176 to 183 F) If the valve opening temperature is not as specified, replace the thermostat.

INSPECT THERMOSTAT


(c) Check the valve lift.

Valve lift: 10 mm (0.39 in.) or more at 95 C (203 F) If the valve lift is not as specified, replace the thermostat.

(d) Check that the valve is fully closed when the thermostat is at low temperatures (below 77 C (171 F)).

If not closed, replace the thermostat.

2. INSPECT RADIATOR CAP SUB-ASSY

NOTICE:

 INSPECT RADIATOR CAP SUB-ASSY


(a) Using a radiator cap tester, slowly pump the tester and check that air is being released from the vacuum valve.

Pump speed: 1 push every 3 seconds or more

NOTICE: Push the pump at a constant speed.

If air is not being released from the vacuum valve, replace the reservoir cap.

(b) Pump the tester and measure the relief valve opening pressure.

Pump speed: 1 push within 1 second

NOTICE: The specified pump speed should be followed for the first pump only. It will close the vacuum valve. Once the vacuum valve is closed, the pump speed can be reduced.

Standard opening pressure: 93 to 122 kPa (0.95 to 1.25 kgf/cm2, 13.4 to 17.6 psi)

Minimum opening pressure: 78 kPa (0.8 kgf/cm2, 11.4 psi)

HINT: Use the tester's maximum reading as the opening pressure. If the maximum reading is less than the minimum opening pressure, replace the radiator cap.

On-vehicle inspection
1. INSPECT COOLING SYSTEM FOR LEAKS (a) Remove the radiator cap. CAUTION: Do not remove the radiator cap while the engine and radiator are still hot. Pressurized, hot engine coolant and steam ...

Cooling fan system (2AZ-FE)
...

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