Toyota Highlander manuals

Toyota Highlander Service Manual: Overhaul

1. REMOVE W/HEAD STRAIGHT SCREW PLUG NO.1 (RH CYLINDER)

(a) Using a straight hexagon wrench 14, remove the 2 screw plugs.

2. REMOVE W/HEAD STRAIGHT SCREW PLUG NO.2 (LH CYLINDER)

(a) Using a straight hexagon wrench 14, remove the 2 screw plugs.

3. REMOVE VALVE LIFTER

HINT: Store the lifters in the correct order so that they can be returned to their original locations when reassembled.

4. REMOVE INTAKE VALVE

REMOVE INTAKE VALVE


(a) Using SST, compress the valve spring and remove the 2 retainer rocks, retainer, spring, spring seat and valve.

SST 09202-70020 (09202-00010)

HINT: Store the valves, valve springs, spring seat, retainer rock and spring retainers in the correct order so that they can be returned to their original locations when reassembled.

5. REMOVE EXHAUST VALVE

REMOVE EXHAUST VALVE


(a) Using SST, compress the valve spring and remove the 2 retainer rocks, retainer, spring, spring seat and valve.

SST 09202-70020 (09202-00010)

HINT: Store the valves, valve springs, spring seat, retainer rock and spring retainers in the correct order so that they can be returned to their original locations when reassembled.

6. REMOVE VALVE STEM OIL O SEAL OR RING

(a) Using needle-nose pliers, remove the oil seal.

7. REMOVE VALVE SPRING SEAT

8. REMOVE SEMICIRCULAR PLUG

9. INSPECT CYLINDER HEAD FOR FLATNESS

INSPECT CYLINDER HEAD FOR FLATNESS


(a) Using a precision straight edge and a feeler gauge, measure the surface contacting the cylinder block and the manifolds for warpage.

Maximum warpage:

INSPECT CYLINDER HEAD FOR FLATNESS


If the warpage is greater than the maximum, replace the cylinder head.

10. INSPECT CYLINDER HEAD FOR CRACKS

INSPECT CYLINDER HEAD FOR CRACKS


(a) Using a dye penetrant, check the combustion chamber, intake ports, exhaust ports and cylinder block surface for cracks.

If cracked, replace the cylinder head.

11. INSPECT INTAKE VALVE

INSPECT INTAKE VALVE


(a) Check the valve overall length.

Standard overall length: 95.45 mm (3.7579 in.) Minimum overall length: 94.95 mm (3.7382 in.)

If the overall length is less than the minimum, replace the valve.

INSPECT INTAKE VALVE


(b) Using a micrometer, measure the diameter of the valve stem.

Valve stem diameter: 5.470 to 5.485 mm (0.2154 to 0.2159 in.)

If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the intake valve.

INSPECT INTAKE VALVE


(c) Check the valve head margin thickness.

Standard margin thickness: 1.0 mm (0.039 in.) Minimum margin thickness: 0.5 mm (0.020 in.)

If the margin thickness is less than the minimum, replace the valve.

12. INSPECT EXHAUST VALVE

INSPECT EXHAUST VALVE


(a) Check the valve overall length.

Standard overall length: 95.40 mm (3.7559 in.) Minimum overall length: 94.90 mm (3.7362 in.)

If the overall length is less than the minimum, replace the valve.

INSPECT EXHAUST VALVE


(b) Using a micrometer, measure the diameter of the valve stem.

Valve stem diameter: 5.465 to 5.480 mm (0.2152 to 0.2157 in.)

If the diameter is less than the minimum, replace the exhaust valve.

INSPECT EXHAUST VALVE


(c) Check the valve head margin thickness.

Standard margin thickness: 1.0 mm (0.039 in.) Minimum margin thickness: 0.5 mm (0.020 in.)

If the margin thickness is less than the minimum, replace the valve.

13. INSPECT INNER COMPRESSION SPRING

INSPECT INNER COMPRESSION SPRING


(a) Using a vernier caliper, measure the free length of the valve spring.

Free length: 45.50 mm (1.7913 in.)

If the free length is not as specified, replace the valve spring.

INSPECT INNER COMPRESSION SPRING


(b) Using steel squares, measure the deviation of the valve spring.

Maximum deviation: 2.0 mm (0.079 in.)

If the deviation is greater than the maximum, replace the valve spring.

INSPECT INNER COMPRESSION SPRING


(c) Using a spring tester, measure the tension of the valve spring at the specified installed length.

Installed tension: 186 to 206 N (19.0 to 21.0 kgf, 41.9 to 46.3 lbf) at 33.8 mm (1.331 in.)

If the installed tension is not as specified, replace the valve spring.

14. INSPECT VALVE GUIDE BUSH OIL CLEARANCE

 INSPECT VALVE GUIDE BUSH OIL CLEARANCE


(a) Using a caliper gauge, measure the inside diameter of the guide bush.

Bush inside diameter: 5.510 to 5.530 mm (0.2169 to 0.2177 in.)

(b) Subtract the valve stem diameter measurement from the guide bush inside diameter measurement.

Standard oil clearance:

 INSPECT VALVE GUIDE BUSH OIL CLEARANCE


Maximum oil clearance:

 INSPECT VALVE GUIDE BUSH OIL CLEARANCE


If the clearance is greater than the maximum, replace the valve and guide bush.

15. REMOVE VALVE GUIDE BUSH

REMOVE VALVE GUIDE BUSH


(a) Heat the cylinder head to approximately 80 to 100 C(176 to 212 F).

REMOVE VALVE GUIDE BUSH


(b) Using SST and a hammer, tap out the guide bush.

SST 09201- 10000, 09201- 01055, 09950- 70010 (09951-07100)

16. INSTALL VALVE GUIDE BUSH

 INSTALL VALVE GUIDE BUSH


(a) Using a caliper gauge, measure the bush bore diameter of the cylinder head.

Diameter: 10.295 to 10.313 mm (0.4053 to 0.4060 in.)

If the bush bore diameter of the cylinder head is greater than 10.313 mm (0.4060 in.), machine the bush bore to the dimension of 10.345 to 10.363 mm (0.4073 to 0.4080 in.).

Bush diameter:

 INSTALL VALVE GUIDE BUSH


 INSTALL VALVE GUIDE BUSH


HINT: Use different bushes on the intake and exhaust.

Bush length:

 INSTALL VALVE GUIDE BUSH


 INSTALL VALVE GUIDE BUSH


(b) Heat the cylinder head to approximately 80 to 100 C (176 to 212 F)
(c) Using SST and a hammer, tap in a new guide bush to the specified protrusion height.

SST 09201- 10000, 09201- 01055, 09950- 70010 (09951-07100)

Protrusion height:

 INSTALL VALVE GUIDE BUSH


 INSTALL VALVE GUIDE BUSH


(d) Using a sharp 5.5 mm reamer, ream the guide bush to obtain the standard specified clearance between the guide bush and the valve stem.

Standard oil clearance:

 INSTALL VALVE GUIDE BUSH


17. INSPECT VALVE SEATS

(a) Apply a light coat of prussian blue (or white lead) to the valve face.

(b) Lightly press the valve against the seat.

NOTICE: Do not rotate the valve.

 INSPECT VALVE SEATS


(c) Check the valve face and valve seat according to the following procedure.

  1.  If blue appears 360 around the valve face, the valve face is concentric. If not, replace the valve.
  2.  If blue appears 360 around the valve seat, the guide and valve face are concentric. If not, resurface the valve seat.
  3.  Check that the valve seat contact is in the middle of the valve face with the width between 1.0 to 1.4 mm (0.039 to 0.055 in.).

18. REPAIR VALVE SEATS

 REPAIR VALVE SEATS


NOTICE: Releasing the seat-cutter pressure gradually helps to make smoother valve seat faces.

(a) If the seating is too high on the valve face, use 30 and 45 cutters to correct the seat.

 REPAIR VALVE SEATS


(b) If the seating is too low on the valve face, use 60 and 45 cutters to correct the seat.

(c) Handrub the valve and valve seat with an abrasive compound.

(d) Recheck the valve seating position.

19. INSPECT VALVE LIFTER

INSPECT VALVE LIFTER


(a) Using a micrometer, measure the lifter diameter.

Lifter diameter: 30.966 to 30.976 mm (1.2191 to 1.2195 in.)

20. INSPECT VALVE LIFTER OIL CLEARANCE

INSPECT VALVE LIFTER OIL CLEARANCE


(a) Using a caliper gauge, measure the lifter bore diameter of the cylinder head.

Lifter bore diameter: 31.009 to 31.025 mm (1.2208 to 1.2215 in.)

(b) Subtract the lifter diameter measurement from the lifter bore diameter measurement.

Standard oil clearance: 0.033 to 0.059 mm (0.0013 to 0.0023 in.) Maximum oil clearance: 0.070 mm (0.0028 in.)

If the oil clearance is greater than the maximum, replace the lifter.

If necessary, replace the cylinder head.

21. INSPECT CAMSHAFT GEAR BACKLASH

(a) Install the camshaft timing gear assembly.

(b) Install the camshafts to the cylinder head.

NOTICE:

INSPECT CAMSHAFT GEAR BACKLASH


(c) Set the dial indicator to the teeth of the intake camshaft at a right angle (90 ).

(d) Measure the backlash of the camshaft timing gear at least 4 positions.

Standard backlash: 0.020 to 0.200 mm (0.0008 to 0.0079 in.) Maximum backlash: 0.300 mm (0.0118 in.)

If the backlash is greater than the maximum, replace the camshafts.

22. INSPECT CAMSHAFT THRUST CLEARANCE


(a) Install the camshafts.

(b) Using a dial indicator, measure the thrust clearance while moving the camshaft back and forth.

Standard thrust clearance: 0.040 to 0.090 mm (0.0016 to 0.035 in.) Maximum thrust clearance: 0.120 mm (0.0047 in.)

If the thrust clearance is greater than the maximum, replace the camshaft. If necessary, replace the bearing caps and cylinder head together.

23. INSPECT CAMSHAFT OIL CLEARANCE

(a) Clean the bearing caps and camshaft journals.

(b) Place the camshafts on the cylinder head.

INSPECT CAMSHAFT OIL CLEARANCE


(c) Lay a strip of plastigage across each of the camshaft journal.

(d) Install the bearing caps.

Torque: 16 NVm (163 kgfVcm, 12 ftVlbf)

NOTICE: Do not turn the camshaft.

(e) Remove the bearing caps.

INSPECT CAMSHAFT OIL CLEARANCE


(f) Measure the plastigage at its widest point.

Standard oil clearance: Intake #4, #5 journals 0.025 to 0.057 mm (0.0010 to 0.0022 in.) Other journals 0.025 to 0.062 mm (0.0010 to 0.0024 in.) Maximum oil clearance: 0.100 mm (0.0039 in.)

If the oil clearance is greater than the maximum, replace the camshaft. If necessary, replace the bearing caps and cylinder head together.

NOTICE: Completely remove the plastigage.

24. INSTALL RING W/HEAD PIN (RH CYLINDER)

INSTALL RING W/HEAD PIN (RH CYLINDER)


(a) Using a plastic-faced hammer, tap in a new ring pin to the specified protrusion height.

Protrusion height: 3 mm (0.12 in.)

25. INSTALL RING PIN (LH CYLINDER)

INSTALL RING PIN (LH CYLINDER)


(a) Using a plastic-faced hammer, tap in a new ring pin to the specified protrusion height.

Protrusion height: 3 mm (0.12 in.)

26. INSTALL SPARK PLUG TUBE

INSTALL SPARK PLUG TUBE


(a) Using paint, mark the standard position from the edge.

Standard protrusion height: 42.4 to 43.4 mm (1.669 to 1.709 in.)

HINT: Use either end of the spark plug tube.

(b) Apply adhesive to the spark plug tube where it will be pressed into the cylinder head.

Adhesive: Part No. 08833-00070 THREE BOND 1324 or equivalent

NOTICE:

INSTALL SPARK PLUG TUBE


(c) Using a press and wooden block, install the spark plug tube to the required protrusion height.

NOTICE: Be careful not to drip the adhesive.

27. INSTALL PCV PIPE (RH CYLINDER)

INSTALL PCV PIPE (RH CYLINDER)


(a) Using a wooden block and hammer, tap in 2 new PCV pipes until its top edge is flush with the cylinder head edge.

NOTICE: Be careful not to damage the cylinder head edge.

28. INSTALL STUD BOLT

INSTALL STUD BOLT


(a) Install the stud bolts on the intake side.

Torque: 8.0 NVm (82 kgfVcm, 71 in.Vlbf)

29. INSTALL STUD BOLT

(a) Install the stud bolts on the exhaust side.

Torque: 20 NVm (204 kgfVcm, 15 ftVlbf)

30. INSTALL VALVE STEM OIL O SEAL OR RING

INSTALL VALVE STEM OIL O SEAL OR RING


(a) Apply a light coat of engine oil on the valve stem.

NOTICE: Pay close attention when installing the intake and exhaust oil seals. For example, installing the intake oil seal into the exhaust or installing the exhaust oil seal to the intake can cause installation problems later.

HINT: The intake valve oil seal is light brown and the exhaust valve oil seal is gray.

INSTALL VALVE STEM OIL O SEAL OR RING


(b) Using SST, push in a new oil seal.

SST 09201-41020

NOTICE: Failure to use SST will cause the seal to be damaged or improperly seated.

31. INSTALL INTAKE VALVE

INSTALL INTAKE VALVE


(a) Install the valve, spring seat, valve spring and spring retainer.

NOTICE: Install the same part in the same combination to the original locations. (b) Using SST, compress the valve spring and place the 2 keepers around the valve stem.

SST 09202-70020 (09202-00010)

INSTALL INTAKE VALVE


(c) Using a plastic-faced hammer and a discarded valve with its tip wrapped in tape, lightly tap the installed valve to ensure that it is securely fit.

NOTICE: Be careful not to damage the installed valve stem tip.

32. INSTALL EXHAUST VALVE

INSTALL EXHAUST VALVE


(a) Install the valve, spring seat, valve spring and spring retainer.

NOTICE: Install the same parts in the same combination to the original locations.

(b) Using SST, compress the valve spring and place the 2 keepers around the valve stem.

SST 09202-70020 (09202-00010)

INSTALL EXHAUST VALVE


(c) Using a plastic-faced hammer and a discarded valve with its tip wrapped in tape, lightly tap the installed valve to ensure that it is securely fit.

NOTICE: Be careful not to damage the installed valve stem tip.

33. INSTALL VALVE LIFTER

(a) Apply a light coat of engine oil to the valve lifter.

NOTICE: Install the same part in the same combination to the original locations.

(b) Install the valve lifter.

(c) Check that the valve lifter rotates smoothly by hand.

34. INSTALL SEMICIRCULAR PLUG

INSTALL SEMICIRCULAR PLUG


(a) Remove any old seal packing (FIPG) material.

(b) Apply seal packing to the semicircular plug grooves.

Seal packing: Part No. 08826-00080 or equivalent

INSTALL SEMICIRCULAR PLUG


(c) Install the 2 semicircular plugs to the cylinder heads.

NOTICE:

35. INSTALL W/HEAD STRAIGHT SCREW PLUG NO.1 (RH CYLINDER)

(a) Using a straight hexagon wrench 14, install 2 new gaskets and the 2 screw plugs.

Torque: 44 NVm (449 kgfVcm, 32 ftVlbf)

36. INSTALL W/HEAD STRAIGHT SCREW PLUG NO.2 (LH CYLINDER)

(a) Using a straight hexagon wrench 14, install 2 new gaskets and the 2 screw plugs.

Torque: 44 NVm (449 kgfVcm, 32 ftVlbf)

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